Reliance Industries is India’s largest private-sector organization on all significant financial metrics. Reliance Industries (R.I.L.) was the first company from the Indian private industry to appear on the Fortune 500 ranking in 2004. Exploration and extraction of hydrocarbons, petroleum refinement and marketing, petrochemical products, retail, and communications are all businesses carried out by Reliance Industries. The petrochemicals department covers the production and marketing of petrochemical goods. The refining area also covers the production and marketing of petroleum goods. The oil and gas department covers all aspects of natural gas and crude oil drilling, research, and exploitation.
The company’s other division comprises textile, commerce, and SEZ development. When Shri Dhirubhai H. Ambani created the R.I.L. in 1966, it was initially just a small textile manufacturing business.
Tata Consultancy Services
With its offices in Mumbai, Tata Consultancy Services (T.C.S.) is a global Indian provider of I.T. consulting services. It works in 150 locations throughout 46 nations as a member of the Tata Group. According to July 2022, T.C.S. employed more than 600,000 people worldwide.
T.C.S. is one of the world’s most important I.T. service companies and the second-largest Indian corporation in market capitalization. One of the top-ranked Indian firms and a supplier of IT solutions, T.C.S., came in at number 64 on Forbes’ 2015 ranking of the “World’s Most Innovative Organizations.” T.C.S. was the first Indian I.T. company to achieve a market capitalization of $100 billion in April 2018.
Faquir Chand Kohli
HDFC Bank Limited is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Housing Development Finance Corp. Its headquarters are in Mumbai. It ranks third in terms of market capitalization on the Indian stock exchanges with a valuation of $122.50 billion. With little under 150,000 workers, it ranks as India’s fifteenth biggest employer. HDFC Bank was established in 1994 and had its legal headquarters in Mumbai, India, as a Housing Development Finance Company division. Manmohan Singh, the Union Finance Minister at that time, inaugurated the company’s first company offices and a full-service subsidiary in Sandoz House in Worli.
Hindustan Unilever Limited (H.U.L.) is an Indian consumer goods company with headquarters in Mumbai. It belongs to the British company Unilever’s division.
Foods, drinks, cleaning supplies, personal care items, water purifiers, and other quickly movable consumer goods are among its offerings.
In 1956, the 1931-founded Hindustan Vanaspati Manufacturing Co. combined with other member companies to form Hindustan Lever Limited. The company is now called as Hindustan Unilever Limited as of June 2007.
As of 2019, Hindustan Unilever had 50+ brand names spread over 14 categories in its portfolio. In the financial year 2017–18, the business had 21,000 employees and generated 34,619 crores in sales. A 1:4.39 all-equity merger agreement between H.U.L. and GlaxoSmithKline’s India consumer division was disclosed in December 2018 for $3.8 billion.
Infosys Limited, a global information technology firm based in India, offers business consulting, telecommunications, and outsourcing solutions. The company’s headquarters are in Bangalore; it was founded in Pune. According to projected 2020 sales figures, Infosys would be the second-largest Indian IT company after Tata Consultancy Services, ranking 602 on the Forbes Global 2000 list of the world ‘s top public companies. In Pune, Maharashtra, India, 7 engineers created Infosys. $250 served as its first funding. On July 2, 1981, Infosys Consultants Private Limited was established. It moved to Bangalore, Karnataka, in 1983. When the business became a limited liability corporation in June 1992, it changed its title to Infosys Technologies Limited.
Kris Gopala Krishna
Indian private development financing organization ICICI Bank Limited. Its headquarter is in Mumbai. Through a range of delivery options and specialist subsidiaries in financial services, life, non-life insurance, venture funding, and wealth management, it provides a broad range of banking goods and financial solutions for corporate and individual customers.
This development finance organization is present in 17 nations and has a system of 5,275 locations and 15,589 ATMs throughout India. In the U.K. and Canada, the bank has branches. On January 5, 1955, the ICICI was founded, and Sir Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar was chosen as the organization’s first chairman.
Sir Arcot Ramasamy Mudaliar
State Bank of India
With its offices in Mumbai, S.B.I. is a statutory institution for financial activities and a major public sector bank. S.B.I., the sole Indian bank on the Fortune Global 500 ranking of the world’s biggest firms in 2020, is the 49th-largest financial institution by asset value and is rated 221st overall. It is a public sector bank, the biggest bank in India, and holds a 25% portion of the market for loans and deposits and a 23percent market share for assets. With approximately 250,000 workers, it ranks as India’s fifth-largest exporter. On September 14, 2022, sbi crossed the $5 trillion market capitalization threshold, becoming the third lender and sixth Indian firm to do so.
Airtel is the brand name of Bharti Airtel Limited, a global telecommunication services provider with headquarters in New Delhi. It maintains a $50 billion market value, a $600 million profitability, $15 billion in sales, and 70,000 workers. It works in 18 nations in South Asia and the Channel Islands. Airtel currently offers 4G and 4G+ connections throughout India, with 5G service in a few key cities. Based on the region of operation, presently offered solutions comprise fixed-line broadband and phone services. Additionally, Airtel deployed its VoLTE system in all Indian telecom regions. In both India and the rest of the world, it is the second-largest operator of mobile networks.
Sunil Bharti Mittal
Originally established on March 25, 1987, as Bajaj Limited, a non-banking financial institution with a primary focus on financing two- and three-wheeled vehicles. Bajaj Car Lending Ltd conducted its first public offering of equity shares and was registered on the Bse And Nse Stock Exchange of India after eleven years in the auto finance industry. The company entered the consumer durables lending market around the turn of the twentieth century and began providing small loans with 0% interest. Later, Bajaj Auto Finance expanded its lending portfolio to include business and real estate loans. Bajaj Finserv Limited, the subsidiary’s parent firm, owns a controlling interest and 57.28% of the total shares.
Housing Development Finance Corporation
An Indian private development financial organization with its headquarters in Mumbai is called HDFC. It is a critical supplier of house financing in India. It also engages in banking activities and offers deposits, financial advisory, venture capital, real estate, loans, and life products. It was established in 1977 with the backing of the Indian business community, becoming the country’s first specialist mortgage lender and the flagship of the HDFC Group of Businesses. The ICICI sponsored HDFC.
The establishment of this business, which initially set out to address the housing deficit in India, was made possible in large part by Hasmukhbhai Parekh. The mutual fund schemes of HDFC Asset Management Company were introduced in 2000.
ITC Limited is a global corporation with its headquarters in Kolkata. I.T.C. is active in a number of industries, including FMCG, lodging, technology, packing, paper goods, and agriculture. The company consists of 13 businesses in 5 market sectors. It exports to 90 distinct nations. Six million retail locations sell its products.
The initial name of the company was Imperial Tobacco Company of India Limited. Later the name was changed to India Tobacco Co. Ltd. and afterwards, in 1974, to I.T.C. Limited. Since “I.T.C.” is no longer an acronym, the company is now known as I.T.C. Limited. I.T.C. has a market value of US$35 billion and US$10.74 billion in yearly revenue starting around 2019–20. It employs 36,500 individuals and operates in around 60 locations across India.
Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC)
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, serves as the corporate headquarters for the L.I.C., a central public sector enterprise in India.
The Life Insurance of India Act, which nationalized the insurance sector in India, was approved by the Indian Parliament on September 1, 1956, leading to establishment of the Life Insurance Corporation of India. The state-owned Life Indian Insurance Corporation was formed by merging over 245 insurers and provident organizations. According to L.I.C., there were 290 million insurance owners as of 2019, a total life reserve of 28.3 trillion, and an actual amount of 21.4 million for policies sold during the 2018–19 fiscal year. Additionally, the business claimed to have resolved 26 million disputes in 2018–19.
The Ahmedabad-based Adani Group is an international corporation in India. It was founded in 1988 by Gautam Adani as a commodity trading company, with Adani Enterprises serving as its flagship. A few of the Group’s many business operations include port administration, electricity production and distribution, renewable energy, mining, airport management, natural gas, food products, and construction. With activities in 100 locations across 50 nations as of 2022, the Group had yearly revenues of over US$35 billion and a net income of US$2.5 billion. Adani Group anticipated revenues would reach $90 billion by 2025–2026. Over 100,000 people work for Adani Group, primarily and indirectly worldwide. Since its founding as a commodity trading company in 1988, Adani Exports Limited has expanded into the trade and import of various commodities.
Kotak Mahindra Bank
Mumbai serves as the corporate headquarters for the Indian banking and professional solutions firm Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited. It provides banking items and financial solutions in personal finance, wealth management, health insurance, and investment management for business and retail consumers. With $44 billion PAT and $7.2 billion in market capitalization as of 2022, it is the third-largest private sector institution in India by holdings. The bank will have 2600 ATMs and 1900 locations as of 2022.
With a loan of 30 lakh rupees from relatives and friends, Uday Kotak established Kotak Capital Management Group in 1985 as an investment and banking solutions firm.
Initially, the business was involved in leasing and hiring purchase transactions and bill discounting.
An Indian corporation called Adani Transmission Ltd. is in charge of transmitting electricity. It is presently one of India’s biggest private-sector electricity distribution businesses. As of July 2020, the corporation operated 12,200 circuit kilometers of the network, and another 3,200 circuit kilometers are currently being built. After separating the ten-year-old transmission company from Adani Enterprises, Gautam Adani created Adani Transmission in December 2015. The firm acquired a SPA in December 2017 to buy G.T.D. from Reliance Infrastructure. The transfer of Reliance Infrastructure’s electricity division to Adani Transmission Ltd for a price of Rs. 18,800 crores was authorized by the company’s shareholders in March 2018.
Anil Kumar Sardana
Adani Total Gas
Adani Total Gas is creating City Gas Distribution (CGD) Systems to distribute C.N.G. to the transportation industry and PNG to industrial, business, and residential customers. Natural gas provides users with high safety, convenience, and financial efficiency. It is also convenient, dependable, and environmentally benign. Their vision Is to be a global leader in companies that improve people’s lives and aid in constructing infrastructure for countries through sustainable value generation. One of the cleanest and most trustworthy fuels on the market, natural gas rarely has its consistent delivery interrupted by a storm or technical issue. Adani Total Gas Limited continuously analyses its pipeline infrastructure to ensure a safe and dependable supply of natural gas to your house.
Adani Green Energy
Gujarat’s Ahmedabad serves as the corporate headquarters for the Indian renewable energy firm AGEL. Adani Group, an Indian company, owns it. One of the biggest solar photovoltaic facilities in the world, the Kamuthi Solar Power Station, is run by the business. According to the Companies Act of 2013, the business was established on January 23, 2015, under Adani Green Energy Limited.
In the early stages of their partnership, AGEL and Inox Wind built a wind power facility in Lahori, Madhya Pradesh, with a 20 M.W. capacity. Additionally, AGEL purchased Inox Wind’s 50 M.W. wind energy project in the Kutch village of Dayapar. The latter came up with the project after winning a capacity auction for wind power plants linked to the National Grid from Solar Energy Corporation of India.
An international paint firm with its headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, is called Asian Paints Ltd. The company’s activities include producing, marketing, and selling paints, varnishes, home décor items, bathroom fixtures, and related services. The largest paints company in both Asia and India is called Asian Paints. Berger International’s investment firm is Asian Paints. In the fiscal year 2021–2022, the corporation brought in $3.2 billion in sales and made a profit of 2,554 crores. The corporation has manufacturing activities in 15 different nations, including India, with a major presence throughout the Middle East and the Indian continent.
Champaklal H. Choksey
Suryakant C. Dani
Arvind R. Vakil
Chimanlal N. Choksi
A network of hypermarkets is operated in India by Avenue Supermarts Limited, conducting trade as DMart. It was started by Radhakishan Damani in 2002, and its first venue was in Powai’s Hiranandani Gardens. It has 320 outlets spread throughout 100 cities in 14 different Indian states. Avenue Supermarts Ltd. advertises DMart (ASL). Mumbai serves as the organization’s main office. DMart employed a total of 10,713 permanent staff and 58,597 contract workers as of March 31st, 2022. Market Capital made a profit of $250 million on sales of $34 billion and $3.2 billion.
Avenue Supermarts Ltd. made a record-breaking market debut on the National Stock Exchange following its IPO listing.
An international provider of (IT services and consultancy, HCLTech (previously Hindustan Computers Limited) is based in Noida, Uttar Pradesh. It is an HCL Enterprise division. The division in charge of research and development before HCL entered the software services sector in 1991 formed a separate organisation. With nearly 210,966 people, the corporation operates offices in 52 different countries.
The Forbes Global 2000 list includes HCLTech. It ranks among India’s top 20 most significant publicly traded companies with a market valuation of $50 billion as of September 2021.The corporation and its subsidiaries have had combined yearly revenue of US$ 11.79 billion since July 2020.
A non-banking financial services provider based in India, Bajaj Finserv Limited has its corporate office in Pune. Lending, investment management, wealth management, and insurance are its main areas of focus.
Bajaj Finserv Limited (BFS) received the financial operations and wind energy companies as part of the completed demerger from Bajaj Auto Limited, which was authorised by the High Court of Judicature at Bombay by its ruling of 18 December 2007. With a 65.2 MW generation capacity for wind energy generating, it also engages in financial services.
Larsen & Toubro
An Indian multinational company called Larsen & Toubro is active in EPC Projects, Hi-Tech Production, and Services. In more than 50 countries around the world, it is functional. Thanks to a solid, customer-focused approach and an unrelenting pursuit of top-tier quality, L&T has been able to attain and sustain leadership in its core business categories for more than eighty years.
One of the biggest and most reputable businesses in India’s private industry is Larsen & Toubro Limited, which has its headquarters in Mumbai. L&T has unrivalled capabilities across Technology, Architecture, Development, and Manufacturing. It continuously strives for world-class performance and has a strong consumer focus for more than 80 years. L&T also maintains leadership in all of its core business lines.
L&T is a market leader in almost every industry it competes in. serving clients in more than 30 nations.
Søren Kristian Toubro
Maruti Suzuki India
The biggest manufacturer in India is Maruti Suzuki India Limited. Its previous name was Maruti Udyog Limited. This company is a part of the Suzuki Motor Corporation, a significant automobile and motorcycle manufacturer in Japan. The Alto, Ertiga, Ciaz, WagonR, and other well-known passenger vehicles are produced by Maruti Suzuki India Limited, which is based in New Delhi.
When Maruti started making cars in 1983, the Maruti 800 was the first model. This vehicle, a cheap, little, and tiny car, revolutionised the Indian auto industry.
The leading automaker and dealer in India is currently Maruti Suzuki India, the company can declare with pride. In July 2018, the company had a 53% market share.
R. C. Bhargava
Mumbai, Maharashtra-based Axis Bank Limited, known as UTI Bank (1993–2007), is an Indian professional and banking organisation. The bank also offers services to big and small corporations,and retail outlets. The bank had a system of 4,096 offices, extension desks, and 12,922 ATMs till August 12, 2016. The biggest private bank ATM system in India belongs to Axis Bank. It is located in one of the world’s highest locations, Sikkim, which is 4,023 metres (13,200 feet) above water level and has an ATM. UTI Bank and Global Trust Bank decided to merge in 2001, but since the RBI postponed merging, it never happened.
An international pharmaceutical corporation headquartered in Mumbai, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited produces and distributes pharmaceuticals and APIs in more than 100 nations. It has a $27 billion market equity and sales of more than US$4.5 billion as of June 2021, making it the biggest pharmaceutical firm in India and the fourth-largest generic pharmaceutical business worldwide. In 1983, Dilip Shanghvi established Sun Pharmaceuticals in Gujarat with five psychiatric medication products. Products for cardiology and gastrointestinal were launched in 1987 and 1989, respectively. In India, it is currently rated first in prescriptions from nine distinct medical specialities, and it dominates the markets for nutrition, gastroenterology, or cardiology.
An Indian company called Titan Company Limited specialises in producing stylish items like jewellery, watches, and eyeglasses. With its company offices in Bangalore’s Electronic City and its registered offices in Hosur, the business is a member of the Tata Group and was originally a partnership with TIDCO.
Titan Watches Limited was the name under which the company’s activities began in 1984. In 1994, Titan expanded into the jewellery industry with Tanishq and then into the eyewear industry with Titan Eyeplus. Fastrack, a line of youth equipment, was introduced in 2005.  With far more than 80 per cent of its total sales originating from the jewellery industry, the firm is the largest designer jewellery manufacturer in India.
Since its establishment in 1945, Wipro has drawn the interest of various Indian businesses with its excellent services, many of which largely rely on cutting-edge vegetable and oil products.
Wipro, the third-largest Indian IT solutions business, reached third rank with its gross equity of 1.65 trillion by overtaking HCL Technologies’ assets in 2021.
Furthermore, Wipro never ceased to amaze us with its creative thinking; right now, the company is striving for zero carbon gas emissions. In other words, in awareness of the effects of climate change and global warming, they have established a goal to reduce GHG by 55% before 2030. Based on the Forbes India Rich List, Azim Premji held the second spot in 2018 but fell to the 17th among the 100 Wealthiest Indians in 2019.
M.H. Hasham Premji
The Indian division of an international firm is called Nestlé India Limited. Gurgaon, Haryana, serves as the company’s headquarters. The company’s product offerings are food, drinks, chocolate, and confections. The business was founded on March 28, 1959, and Nestle Alimentana S.A. marketed it through a subsidiary called Nestle Holdings Ltd. As of 2020, Nestlé India is 62.76% owned by its parent corporation. The company operates 9 production sites across India in different cities.
After lead and monosodium glutamate levels in products were discovered to be over acceptable standards, the Delhi government prohibited Nestlé India’s instant noodles brand “Maggi Noodles” for a 15-day timeframe in June 2015.
Ultra Tech Cement
Indian cement producer UltraTech Cement Limited is situated in Mumbai and is a division of the Aditya Birla Group. UltraTech is India’s largest manufacturer of white cement, RMC, and grey cement with a yearly generation output of 116.75 million tonnes. It is the only company outside of China with a capability of more than 100 million tonnes.
The Bombay High Court denied UltraTech’s request to purchase two cement facilities from Jaiprakash Associates in February 2016. After the court approved the Mines and Mineral Development and Regulation Law in 2015, the business started to formulate arrangements to buy Jaiprakash Associates in order to purchase multiple cement plants collectively.
Kumar Mangalam Birla
Adani Port & SEZ
The largest private port owner in India and a complete logistics service provider is APSEZ Ltd. They have created, purchased, and grown an unmatched portfolio of port services and facilities across India in less than twenty years. The 13 strategically positioned ports and facilities account for 24% of the country’s port capacity, proving our belief that Adani Ports is ready with scale, breadth, and speed to meet essential national needs.
The port facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art cargo management technology that is more effective and equipped to accommodate the largest ships calling at Indian shores. The ports are prepared to handle a variety of cargoes, including containers, fluid cargo, oil, and dry cargo.
Oil & Natural Gas
The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas is the proprietor of the ONGC, a central government organisation. Its main office is in New Delhi. On August 14, 1956, the Indian government set up ONGC. The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas is in charge of managing the activities of this important public sector organisation. It is the biggest government oil and gas developer and producer in the nation. It generates over 84% of India’s natural gas and about 70percent of its crude oil, corresponding to around 57% of the nation’s total consumption. The Indian government granted ONGC the Maharatna designation in November 2010. According to Platts, it is placed 25th out of the Top 250 Global Energy Firms.
A central public sector enterprise in India owned by the Ministry of Power, NTPC Limited, previously called National Thermal Power Corporation Limited, engages in the production of electricity and related operations. New Delhi serves as the PSU’s administrative centre. The primary duties of NTPC in India are the production and distribution of energy to different Electricity Boards. The organisation also works on consulting and turnkey construction contracts for engineering, program management, building services, and power plant operation.
The PSU has also dabbled in coal mining. It is India’s biggest power corporation, with a 67,907 Mw power for generating electricity.